مواد ڏانھن هلو

پاناما

کليل ڄاڻ چيڪلي، وڪيپيڊيا مان
سلجھائپ صفحن جي لاءِ معاونت نظر ھيٺ مضمون the country تي آهي. ٻين استعمالن جي لاءِ پاناما (سلجھائپ) ڏسو.
Republic of Panama

República de Panamá (اسپيني)
Flag of Panama
{{{coat_alt}}}
جھنڊو نِسبتي نشان
شُعار: Pro Mundi Beneficio (Latin)
"For the Benefit of the World"
'ترانو: Himno Istmeño (اسپيني)
"Hymn of the Isthmus"سانچو:Parabr
گادي جو هنڌ Panama City
8°58′N 79°32′W / 8.967°N 79.533°W / 8.967; -79.533
سڀ کان وڏو شهر Panama City
دفتري ٻوليون Spanish
تسلیم ٿيل مقامي  ٻوليون Guaymí
Buglere
Emberá
Wounaan
Kuna
Teribe
Bribri
نسلي گروھ (2020)
مذهب (2020)
مقامي آبادي Panamanian
حڪومت Unitary presidential republic
José Raúl Mulino
Vacant
مقننه National Assembly
Independence
• from Spanish Empire
November 28, 1821
• union with Gran Colombia
December 1821
• from Republic of Colombia
November 3, 1903
October 11, 1972
پکيڙ
• جملي
75٬417 km2 (29٬119 sq mi)[1][2] (116th)
• پاڻي (%)
2.9
آبادي
• 2022 اندازو
4,337,768[3] (127th)
•  گھاٽائي
56 /km2 (145.0 /sq mi) (122nd)
جِي ڊي پي (مساوي قوت خريد ) 2023 لڳ ڀڳ
• ڪل
$190 billion[4]
• في سيڪڙو
$42,738[4]
جِي. ڊي. پي  (رڳو نالي ۾ ) 2023 لڳ ڀڳ
• ڪل
$82.3 billion[4]

پاناما وچ آمريڪا ۾ هڪ ننڍو ملڪ آهي۔ پاناما ڪنال اتان گزرندو آهي۔ پاناما ڪولمبيا هڪ اڳوڻو صوبو آهي۔


Panama,[lower-alpha 1] officially the Republic of Panama,[lower-alpha 2] is a country in Latin America at the southern end of Central America, bordering South America. It is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Its capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's over 4 million inhabitants.[9]

Before the arrival of Spanish colonists in the 16th century, Panama was inhabited by a number of different indigenous tribes. It broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined the Republic of Gran Colombia, a union of Nueva Granada, Ecuador, and Venezuela. After Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada eventually became the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the construction of the Panama Canal to be completed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. The 1977 Torrijos–Carter Treaties agreed to transfer the canal from the United States to Panama on December 31, 1999.[10] The surrounding territory was first returned in 1979.[11]

Revenue from canal tolls continues to represent a significant portion of Panama's GDP, especially since the Panama Canal expansion project (finished in 2016) has doubled its capacity.
Commerce, banking, and tourism are major sectors. Panama is regarded as having a high-income economy.[12] In 2019 Panama ranked 57th in the world in terms of the Human Development Index.[13] In 2018, Panama was ranked the seventh-most competitive economy in Latin America, according to the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Index.[14] Panama was ranked 84th in the Global Innovation Index in 2023.[15] Covering around 40 percent of its land area, Panama's jungles are home to an abundance of tropical plants and animals – some of them found nowhere else on earth.[16] Panama is a founding member of the United Nations and other international organizations such as the Organization of American States, Latin America Integration Association, Group of 77, World Health Organization, and Non-Aligned Movement.

پاناما جو جھنڊو

فهرست لاڳاپيل مضمون پاناما

[سنواريو]
  • فهرست لاڳاپيل مضمون پاناما

خارجي ڳنڍڻا

[سنواريو]

حوالا

[سنواريو]
  1. "Demographic Yearbook – Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. وقت August 26, 2020 تي اصل (PDF) کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل September 4, 2017.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (مدد)
  2. "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". unstats.un.org. وقت October 15, 2017 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل May 21, 2021.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (مدد)
  3. سانچو:Cite CIA World Factbook
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2023 Edition. (Panama)". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. وقت November 21, 2023 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 14 October 2023.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (مدد)
  5. "Panama". CIA World Factbook. وقت January 23, 2021 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل January 24, 2021.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (مدد)
  6. "Gini Index". World Bank. وقت November 7, 2017 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل June 16, 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (مدد)
  7. "Human Development Report 2023/24" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. وقت March 13, 2024 تي اصل (PDF) کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 13 March 2024.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (مدد)
  8. "Segunda Encuesta Nacional de Hogares, Panama 2015". Ministerio Público de la República de Panamá. December 2016. http://ministeriopublico.gob.pa/wp-content/multimedia/2017/09/Encuesta-de-Hogares-2015-16-viii-17-publicaci%C3%B3n-digital.pdf. Retrieved February 17, 2019. 
  9. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. حاصل ڪيل 10 September 2017. 
  10. "Panama". CIA – The World Factbook. وقت January 23, 2021 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل December 23, 2010.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (مدد)
  11. Department of State, United States of America (1987). "Panama Canal Treaty". United States Treaties and Other International Agreements. 33. United States Department of State. p. 55. 33 UST 39; TIAS 10030. https://books.google.com/books?id=n559BTeMBIsC&pg=PA39. Retrieved September 13, 2020. ""Upon entry into force of this Treaty, the United States Government agencies known as the Panama Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government shall cease to operate within the territory of the Republic of Panama that formerly constituted the Canal Zone."" 
  12. "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. وقت December 22, 2019 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل September 29, 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (مدد)
  13. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene. United Nations Development Programme. December 15, 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2020.pdf. Retrieved December 16, 2020. 
  14. "Competitiveness Rankings". The Global Competitiveness Report 2018. حاصل ڪيل March 18, 2019. 
  15. (en ۾) Global Innovation Index 2023, 15th Edition. World Intellectual Property Organization. May 5, 2024. doi:10.34667/tind.46596. ISBN 978-92-805-3432-0. https://www.wipo.int/global_innovation_index/en/2023/index.html. Retrieved 2023-10-29. 
  16. "Country profile: Panama". BBC News. June 30, 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/country_profiles/1229332.stm. 


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