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Flag of Fiji
Coat of arms of Fiji
جهنڊو قومي نشان
نشان: "Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui" (سانچو:ISO 639 name fj)
"Fear God and honour the Queen[1] "
Location of Fiji
Location of Fiji
گادي جو هنڌ Suva[2]
18°10′S 178°27′E / 18.167°S 178.450°E / -18.167; 178.450
Official languages[3]
نسلي گروھ (2016[4])
مذهب (2007[5])
مقامي آبادي Fijian
حڪومت Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Jioji Konrote
Frank Bainimarama
Epeli Nailatikau
قانون ساز ادارو Parliament
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
10 October 1970
• Republic
7 October 1987
پکيڙ
• جملي
18٬274 km2 (7٬056 sq mi) (151st)
• آبي (%)
negligible
آبادي
• 2018 اندازو
912,241[6] (161st)
• 2017 مردم شماري
884,887[7]
•  گھاٽائي
46.4 /km2 (120.2 /sq mi) ( 148th)
جي ڊي پي (مساوي قوت خريد) 2018 اندازو
• ڪل
$9.112 billion[8]{{{GDP_PPP_rank}}}]])
• في سيڪڙو
$10,251[8]
جي. ڊي. پي  (رڳو نالي ۾ ) 2018 اندازو
• ڪل
$5.223 billion[8]
• في سيڪڙو
$5,876[8]{{{GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank}}}]])
جيني (2013) 36.4[9]
وچولو
ايڇ ڊي آء (2017) Increase2.svg 0.741[10]
اعلیٰ · 92nd
ڪرنسي Fijian dollar (FJD)
معياري وقت FJT (متناسق عالمی وقت+12)
FJST[12] (متناسق عالمي وقت+13[11])
ڊرائيونگ جو پاسو left
ڊائلنگ ڪوڊ +679
انٽرنيٽ ڊومين .fj

Fiji (Listeni/ˈfi/ FEE-jee; سانچو:Lang-fj سانچو:IPA-fj; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji[13] (سانچو:Lang-fj;[14] Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य),[15] is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1٬100 میل دریایی (2٬000 km; 1٬300 mi) northeast of New Zealand's North Island. Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north. Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands—of which 110 are permanently inhabited—and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18٬300 کلومیٹرمربع (7٬100 sq mi). The most outlying island is Ono-i-Lau. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the total population of 898,760. The capital, Suva, on Viti Levu, serves as the country's principal cruise-ship port.[16][حوالي ۾ موجود ناهي] About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centres such as Nadi—where tourism is the major local industry[16]—or Lautoka, where the sugar-cane industry is paramount. Due to its terrain, the interior of Viti Levu is sparsely inhabited.[17]

The majority of Fiji's islands formed through volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Some geothermal activity still occurs today, on the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni.[18] The geothermal systems on Viti Levu are non-volcanic in origin, with low-temperature (c. 35–60 degrees Celsius) surface discharges. Sabeto Hot Springs near Nadi is a good example.[19] Humans have lived in Fiji since the second millennium BC—first Austronesians and later Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences. Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century onwards,[20] and, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. Fiji operated as a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence as the Dominion of Fiji. A military government declared a Republic in 1987 following a series of coups d'état. In a coup in 2006, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power. When the High Court ruled the military leadership unlawful in 2009, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister. Later in 2009, Ratu Epeli Nailatikau succeeded Iloilo as President.[21] After years of delays, a democratic election took place on 17 September 2014. Bainimarama's FijiFirst party won 59.2% of the vote, and international observers deemed the election credible.[22]

Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific[حوالو گھربل] thanks to its abundant forest, mineral, and fish resources. Its currency is the Fijian dollar, and its main sources of foreign exchange are its tourist industry, remittances from Fijians working, and bottled water exports.[4] The Ministry of Local Government and Urban Development supervises Fiji's local government, which takes the form of city and town councils.[23]

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  1. "About Fiji – History, Government and Economy". www.fijihighcommission.org.uk. 
  2. Although Suva is the largest population center that is classified as a "city", the town of Nasinu has a population that is slightly higher than Suva's. See "Age, Sex and Marital Status by Urban and Rural Enumeration, Fiji 2007". statsfiji.gov.fj. Fiji Bureau of Statistics. حاصل ڪيل 5 June 2017. 
  3. Compare: "Constitution of the Republic of Fiji". fiji.gov.fj. The Fijian Government. حاصل ڪيل 14 March 2017.  Subsection 3(3) reads: "This Constitution is to be adopted in the English language and translations in the iTaukei and Hindi languages are to be made available." Subsection 31(3) clarifies that Fiji Hindi is the intended meaning of "Hindi".
  4. 4.0 4.1 حوالي جي چڪ: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Factbook-Fiji
  5. حوالي جي چڪ: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2007 Census – Religion
  6. "World Population Prospects 2017". United Nations-Population Division. حاصل ڪيل 4 April 2018. 
  7. Government of Fiji. "Fiji Bureau of Statistics Releases 2017 Census Results". حاصل ڪيل 3 November 2018. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Fiji". International Monetary Fund. 
  9. "Gini Index". World Bank. حاصل ڪيل 5 November 2017. 
  10. "Human Development Indices and Indicators 2018 Statistical Update" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. صفحو. 9. حاصل ڪيل 22 January 2019. 
  11. "Fiji Reignites Daylight Saving Time on November 29". timeanddate.com. حاصل ڪيل 2 May 2010. 
  12. "FJST – Fiji Summer Time". timeanddate.com. حاصل ڪيل 24 October 2012. 
  13. In February 2011, the Prime Minister's Office issued a statement saying that the name of the state had officially changed from the Republic of the Fiji Islands to the Republic of Fiji, and that the name written in the 1997 constitution was now void (the constitution has been suspended since April 2009). Compare: "Country is now officially called Republic of Fiji". Fijivillage.com. وقت 22 June 2016 کي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 22 June 2016. The country is now officially called Republic of Fiji.
    Permanent Secretary at the Prime Minister’s Office, Colonel Pio Tikoduadua said the name, Republic of the Fiji Islands, as stated in the 1997 constitution is no longer applicable.
     
  14. Yavunivakavulewa ni Matanitu Tugalala o Viti (Constitution of the Republic of Fiji, the Fijian language version) آرڪائيو ڪيا ويا 1 November 2013 حوالو موجود آهي وي بيڪ مشين.. fiji.gov.fj
  15. रिपब्लिक ऑफ फीजी का संविधान (Constitution of the Republic of Fiji, the Hindi version) آرڪائيو ڪيا ويا 1 November 2013 حوالو موجود آهي وي بيڪ مشين.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Fiji Cruises Destination Topics. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  17. "Fiji: People". United States of America State department. حاصل ڪيل 15 September 2010. 
  18. "Fiji Geography". fijidiscovery.com. وقت 23 February 2011 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 15 September 2010. 
  19. "Tanoa Waterfront Hotel, Lautoka, Things to do in Lautoka, Fiji Hotel Accommodation". www.tanoawaterfront.com. حاصل ڪيل 2018-11-17. 
  20. "Fiji: History". infoplease.com. حاصل ڪيل 15 September 2010. 
  21. "Fiji's president takes over power". BBC. 10 April 2009. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090413063643/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7993295.stm. Retrieved 15 September 2010. 
  22. Perry, Nick; Pita, Ligaiula (29 September 2014). "Int'l monitors endorse Fiji election as credible". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 21 September 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140921010517/http://bigstory.ap.org/article/6e44f8f77b6e4c0e867b9d8750689e5b/international-monitors-endorse-fiji-election. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  23. "Fiji – Our Government". fiji.gov.fj. وقت 19 June 2010 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 15 September 2010.