ريپبلڪ

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ريپبلڪ(انگريزي: republic)لاطيني ٻولي: res publica ھڪ حڪومتي نظام آھي جنھن ۾ ملڪ حاڪمن جي بدران عوام جو ھوندو آھي ۽ ان ۾ اقتدار مورثي نہ ھوندو آھي. ھن نظام جي رياست ۾ رياستي سربراھ بادشاھ نہ ٿي سگھندو آھي.[1][2][3] آمريڪي انگريزي ۾ ريپلڪ جي تعريف اھڙي قسم جي حڪومت جيڪا عوام جي چونڊيل نمائندا ادارن ۾ نمائندگي ڪندا آهن.[2] اختيارن جو استعمال قانون جي حڪمراني ۾ آئين مطابق ڪندا آهن.[4][5][6][7]

حوالا[سنواريو]

  1. Bohn, H. G. (1849) (en میں). The Standard Library Cyclopedia of Political, Constitutional, Statistical and Forensic Knowledge. pp. 640. https://books.google.com/books?id=UTkBAAAAYAAJ&dq=%22res%20publica%22%20republic%20democracy%20monarch&pg=PA640#v=onepage&q=%22A%20republic,%20according%20to%20the%20modern%20usage%20of%20the%20word,%20signifies%20a%20political%20community%20which%20is%20not%20under%20monarchical%20government%22&f=false. "A republic, according to the modern usage of the word, signifies a political community which is not under monarchical government ... in which one person does not possess the entire sovereign power." 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Definition of Republic". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2017-02-18. a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch ... a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law 
  3. "The definition of republic". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2017-02-18. a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them. ... a state in which the head of government is not a monarch or other hereditary head of state. 
  4. Woodburn, James Albert. The American Republic and Its Government: An Analysis of the Government of the United States, G. P. Putnam, 1903:

    the constitutional republic with its limitations on popular government is clearly involved in the United States Constitution, as seen in the election of the President, the election of the Senate and the appointment of the Supreme Court.

    pp. 58–59.
  5. Scheb, John M. An Introduction to the American Legal System. Thomson Delmar Learning 2001. p. 6
  6. Allan, T. R. S. (2003-01-01) (en میں). Constitutional Justice: A Liberal Theory of the Rule of Law. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199267880. https://books.google.com/books?id=CkkjwIKoooIC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA31#v=snippet&q=%22rule%20of%20law%20is%20interpreted%22&f=false. "When the idea of the rule of law is interpreted as a principle of constitutionalism, ..." 
  7. Peacock, Anthony Arthur (2010-01-01) (en میں). Freedom and the Rule of Law. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780739136188. https://books.google.com/books?id=8h7Se7TUdJAC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q=%22rule%20of%20law%20is%20fundamental%22&f=false. "The rule of law is fundamental to all liberal constitutional regimes..."