مواد ڏانھن ٽپ ڏيو

مظفر آباد ضلعو

کليل ڄاڻ چيڪلي، وڪيپيڊيا مان
Muzaffarabad District
ضلع مُظفّرآباد
District of Azad Kashmir administered by Pakistan[1]
The city of Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir
The city of Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir
Map
Interactive map of Muzaffarabad district
A map showing Pakistani-administered Gilgit-Baltistan (shaded in sage green) in the disputed Kashmir region[1]
A map showing Pakistani-administered Gilgit-Baltistan (shaded in sage green) in the disputed Kashmir region[1]
جاگرافي بيهڪ (Muzaffarabad): 34°20′N 73°36′E / 34.333°N 73.600°E / 34.333; 73.600مڪانيت: 34°20′N 73°36′E / 34.333°N 73.600°E / 34.333; 73.600
Administering country Pakistan
Territory Azad Kashmir
Division Muzaffarabad Division
Headquarters Muzaffarabad
حڪومت
 • قسم District Administration
 • Deputy Commissioner Raja Tahir Mumtaz
 • District Police Officer N/A
 • District Education Officer Male/Female Tariq Shafi/Saima Nazir
 • District Nazim Imtiaz Ahmad Abbasi
پکيڙ
 • ڪل 1,642 ڪ.م2 (634 ميل2)
آبادي (2017)
 • ڪل 650,370

مظفر آباد پاڪستان جي زيرانتظام آزاد ڄمو ۽ ڪشمير جي  ڏھن ضلعن مان ھڪ آھي. ھي ضلعو اولھ ۾ پاڪستان جي صوبي خيبرپختونخوا ۽ اولاھين پاسي ۾ ڀارت جي زير اثر علائقن ڪپواڙا ۽ بارھمولا سان لڳي ٿو.ضلعو مظفر آباد 6,117 چورس ڪلوميٽر تي مشتمل آھي. سال 1998ع جي مردم شماری جي مطابق ضلعي جي آبادي 7,25،000 آھي.

The Muzaffarabad District (اردو: ضلع مُظفّرآباد) is a district of Pakistan-administered Azad Kashmir in the disputed Kashmir region.[1] It is one of the 10 districts of this dependent territory. The district is located on the banks of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers and is very hilly. The total area of the Muzaffarabad District is 1٬642 ڪلوميٽرزچورس (634 sq mi). The district is part of the Muzaffarabad Division, and the city of Muzaffarabad serves as the capital of Azad Kashmir. The district is bounded on the north-east by the Neelum District and the Kupwara District of Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir region, on the south-east by the Hattian Bala District, on the south by the Bagh District, and on the west by the Mansehra and Abbottabad districts of Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.

A map of Azad Kashmir with the Muzaffarabad District highlighted in red

حوالا[سنواريو]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The application of the term "administered" to the various regions of Kashmir and a mention of the Kashmir dispute is supported by the tertiary sources (a) through (e), reflecting due weight in the coverage. Although "controlled" and "held" are also applied neutrally to the names of the disputants or to the regions administered by them, as evidenced in sources (h) through (i) below, "held" is also considered politicized usage, as is the term "occupied," (see (j) below).
    (a) Kashmir, region Indian subcontinent, Encyclopaedia Britannica, حاصل ڪيل 15 August 2019  (subscription required) Quote: "Kashmir, region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent ... has been the subject of dispute between India and Pakistan since the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947. The northern and western portions are administered by Pakistan and comprise three areas: Azad Kashmir, Gilgit, and Baltistan, the last two being part of a territory called the Northern Areas. Administered by India are the southern and southeastern portions, which constitute the state of Jammu and Kashmir but are slated to be split into two union territories.";
    (b) Pletcher, Kenneth, Aksai Chin, Plateau Region, Asia, Encyclopaedia Britannica, حاصل ڪيل 16 August 2019  (subscription required) Quote: "Aksai Chin, Chinese (Pinyin) Aksayqin, portion of the Kashmir region, at the northernmost extent of the Indian subcontinent in south-central Asia. It constitutes nearly all the territory of the Chinese-administered sector of Kashmir that is claimed by India to be part of the Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir state.";
    (c) "Kashmir", Encyclopedia Americana, Scholastic Library Publishing, صفحو. 328, ISBN 978-0-7172-0139-6  C. E Bosworth, University of Manchester Quote: "KASHMIR, kash'mer, the northernmost region of the Indian subcontinent, administered partlv by India, partly by Pakistan, and partly by China. The region has been the subject of a bitter dispute between India and Pakistan since they became independent in 1947";
    (d) Osmańczyk, Edmund Jan, Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements: G to M, Taylor & Francis, صفحا. 1191–, ISBN 978-0-415-93922-5  Quote: "Jammu and Kashmir: Territory in northwestern India, subject to a dispute between India and Pakistan. It has borders with Pakistan and China."
    (e) Talbot, Ian, A History of Modern South Asia: Politics, States, Diasporas, Yale University Press, صفحا. 28–29, ISBN 978-0-300-19694-8  Quote: "We move from a disputed international border to a dotted line on the map that represents a military border not recognized in international law. The line of control separates the Indian and Pakistani administered areas of the former Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir.";
    (f) Skutsch, Carl, "China: Border War with India, 1962", ۾ Ciment, James, Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II, London and New York: Routledge, صفحو. 573, ISBN 978-0-7656-8005-1, The situation between the two nations was complicated by the 1957–1959 uprising by Tibetans against Chinese rule. Refugees poured across the Indian border, and the Indian public was outraged. Any compromise with China on the border issue became impossible. Similarly, China was offended that India had given political asylum to the Dalai Lama when he fled across the border in March 1959. In late 1959, there were shots fired between border patrols operating along both the ill-defined McMahon Line and in the Aksai Chin. 
    (g) Clary, Christopher, The Difficult Politics of Peace: Rivalry in Modern South Asia, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, صفحو. 109, ISBN 9780197638408, Territorial Dispute: The situation along the Sino-Indian frontier continued to worsen. In late July (1959), an Indian reconnaissance patrol was blocked, "apprehended," and eventually expelled after three weeks in custody at the hands of a larger Chinese force near Khurnak Fort in Aksai Chin. ... Circumstances worsened further in October 1959, when a major class at Kongka Pass in eastern Ladakh led to nine dead and ten captured Indian border personnel, making it by far the most serious Sino-Indian class since India's independence. 
    (h) Bose, Sumantra, Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace, Harvard University Press, صفحا. 294, 291, 293, ISBN 978-0-674-02855-5  Quote: "J&K: Jammu and Kashmir. The former princely state that is the subject of the Kashmir dispute. Besides IJK (Indian-controlled Jammu and Kashmir. The larger and more populous part of the former princely state. It has a population of slightly over 10 million, and comprises three regions: Kashmir Valley, Jammu, and Ladakh.) and AJK ('Azad" (Free) Jammu and Kashmir. The more populous part of Pakistani-controlled J&K, with a population of approximately 2.5 million.), it includes the sparsely populated "Northern Areas" of Gilgit and Baltistan, remote mountainous regions which are directly administered, unlike AJK, by the Pakistani central authorities, and some high-altitude uninhabitable tracts under Chinese control."
    (i) Fisher, Michael H., An Environmental History of India: From Earliest Times to the Twenty-First Century, Cambridge University Press, صفحو. 166, ISBN 978-1-107-11162-2  Quote: "Kashmir’s identity remains hotly disputed with a UN-supervised “Line of Control” still separating Pakistani-held Azad (“Free”) Kashmir from Indian-held Kashmir.";
    (j) Snedden, Christopher, Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris, Oxford University Press, صفحو. 10, ISBN 978-1-84904-621-3  Quote:"Some politicised terms also are used to describe parts of J&K. These terms include the words 'occupied' and 'held'."