راکي ٻڌڻ

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راکي ٻڌڻ
Raksha Bandhan
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راکي ٻڌڻ دوران راکي ٻڌي پئي وڃي
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عرفيت راکي، سالونو، سيلينو، راکڙي
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قسم مذهبي، ثقافتي، سيڪيولر
تاريخ شراون جو پوريما (پورو چنڊ)
2018 تاريخ آچر، 26 آگسٽ
2019 تاريخ خميس، 15 آگسٽ
لاڳاپيل ڀائي دوج، ڀائي ٽيڪا، سما چيڪوا

راکي ٻڌڻ يا راکي( (انگريزي: Raksha Bandhan)، راکي ٻنڌڻ، رکشا ٻنڌڻ) هندوستاني ۽ نيپالي ۽ سنڌي ڏڻ آهي، جنهن ۾ ڀيڻ ڀائرن کي راکي ٻڌنديون آهن. [1] هي تهوار هندو توڙي جين ڌرم جو گڏيل تهوار آهي، جنهن ۾ ڀيڻ شادي کان اڳ ۽ شادي کان پوءِ ڀائرن کي راکي ٻڌي مضبوط رشتي جي يادگري ڏيارينديون آهن. نہ رُڳو ڀيڻ ڀائر پر ڪٿي گرو چيلا ۽ عام رشتن وارا ماڻهو پڻ هڪ ٻئي کي راکي ٻڌاندا آهن.[2][3][4]

Rakhi
راکي جو ھڪ نمونو

روايتي ھندو سالياڻو تھوار، جيڪو انڊيا سميت ڏکڻ ايشيا جي ڪجھ ٻين ڀاڱن سان گڏوگڏ دنيا ۾ ھندو تھذيب سان واڳيل ماڻھن ۾ پڻ ساڳئي نالي سان مشھور آھي. انھيءَ ڏينھن، ھر ڄمار جون ڀينر تحفظ جي نشانيءَ طور پنھنجي ڀائرن جي ٻانھن چؤڌاري راکي ٻڌنديون آھن ۽ بدلي ۾ تحفو وٺنديون آھن.

راکي ٻنڌڻ/ٻڌڻ ملھايو ويندو آھي ھندو ٽپڻو (ھندو چنڊ جنتري/ڪئلينڊر) جي آخري مھيني شراواڻا، جيڪو عام طور آگسٽ ۾ ايندو آھي.

اصطلاحي معنيٰ[سنواريو]

”رکشا ٻنڌڻ“ سنسڪرت ٻول جي معنيٰ تحفظ،[5] ذميواري يا سنڀال جو ٻنڌڻ، جنھن کي اصولي طور ھن تھوار سان لاڳو ڪيو ويو آھي.

20ھين صدي جي وچ تائين، اصطلاح عام طور ساڳئي رسم طور ساڳئي ڏينھن لاڳو ھئي، پراچين ھندو لکت ۾ گھريلو پنڊت آميولٽ amulets، ڌاڳو پنھنجي گروءَ جي ٻانھن ۾ ٻڌندو ھيو يا پنھنجو پَوِتر ڌاڳو مَٽائيندو ھيو، ۽ ڏوڪڙن جو تحفو وٺندو ھيو، ڪُجھ ھنڌن تي، اھو ايئن اڃا بہ ڪيو وڃي ٿو.[6] [7] ان جي ابتڙ، لوڪ ادب ۾ اصلوڪو راکي ٻڌڻ وارو ڀيڻ-ڀاءُ تھوار، ماڳن جي ڦيرگھير سان ڪجھ ھنڌ ان جا سالوڻو،[8] [9] سلاڻو[10] ۽ راکي نالا ھيس. سالوڻو سان واڳيل رسمن ۾ ڀينر پنھنجي ڀائرن جي ڪنن پويان جوئر جا چِٽڻ رکنديون ھيون.[11]


Of special significance to married women, Raksha Bandhan is rooted in the practice of territorial or village exogamy, in which a bride marries out of her natal village or town, and her parents, by custom, do not visit her in her married home.[9] In rural north India, where village exogamy is strongly prevalent, large numbers of married Hindu women travel back to their parents' homes every year for the ceremony.[10][11] Their brothers, who typically live with the parents or nearby, sometimes travel to their sisters' married home to escort them back. Many younger married women arrive a few weeks earlier at their natal homes and stay until the ceremony.[12] The brothers serve as lifelong intermediaries between their sisters' married and parental homes,[13] as well as potential stewards of their security.

In urban India, where families are increasingly nuclear, the festival has become more symbolic, but continues to be highly popular. The rituals associated with this festival have spread beyond their traditional regions and have been transformed through technology and migration,[14] the movies,[15] social interaction,[16] and promotion by politicized Hinduism,[17][18] as well as by the nation state.[19]

Among women and men who are not blood relatives, there is also a transformed tradition of voluntary kin relations, achieved through the tying of rakhi amulets, which have cut across caste and class lines,[20] and Hindu and Muslim divisions.[21] In some communities or contexts, other figures, such as a matriarch, or a person in authority, can be included in the ceremony in ritual acknowledgement of their benefaction.[22]

وڌيڪ ڏسو[سنواريو]

حوالا[سنواريو]

  1. وڪيپيڊيا واپرائيندڙ، «Raksha Bandhan»، کليل ڄاڻ چيڪلو انگریزي وڪيپيڊيا ۔
  2. Prasad, Leela, "Anklets on the pyal", ۾ Leela Prasad, Ruth B. Bottigheimer, Lalita Handoo (editors), Gender and Story in South India, SUNY Press, صفحو. 9, ISBN 978-0-7914-8125-7  Quote: While women-centered narratives cherish brotherly love, heroism, and chivalry (celebrated in festivals like nagapanchami in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and rakshabandhan in north India), they are all too aware of the fragility of sibling ties.
  3. Anderson, Leona May; Young, Pamela Dickey, Women and Religious Traditions, Oxford University Press, صفحا. 30–31, ISBN 978-0-19-541754-8  Quote: "One of the most popular festivals in North India is the festival of Raksabandhana, observed in July or August.
  4. Gokulsing, K. Moti (editor); Dissanayake, Wimal (editor), Popular Culture in a Globalised India, Routledge, صفحو. xix, ISBN 978-1-134-02307-3  Quote: Glossary and acronyms: Raksha Bandhan: A popular Hindu festival of north India where sister ties a thread on brother's wrist, seeking protection. (page xix)"
  5. "آرٽيفشل راکي جو وڌندڙ رواج". Daily Kalyan | روزاني ڪلياڻ. حاصل ڪيل 2019-08-17. 
  6. Berreman, Gerald Duane (1963) (en ۾). Hindus of the Himalayas. University of California Press. https://books.google.com.pk/books?id=0o91Qt_GAlEC&pg=PA390&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  7. Gnanambal, K. (1969) (en ۾). Festivals of India. Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India. https://books.google.com.pk/books?id=xxTgAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA10&redir_esc=y. 
  8. Marriott, McKim; Beals, Alan R. (1955) (en ۾). Village India: Studies in the Little Community. University of Chicago Press. https://books.google.com/books/about/Village_India.html?id=OOLZAAAAMAAJ. 
  9. Wadley, Susan S. (1994-07-27) (en ۾). Struggling with Destiny in Karimpur, 1925-1984. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520914339. https://books.google.com/books/about/Struggling_with_Destiny_in_Karimpur_1925.html?id=DMqw6JAmQQIC. 
  10. Lewis, Oscar (1965) (en ۾). Village Life in Northern India: Studies in a Delhi Village. University of Illinois Press. https://books.google.com/books/about/Village_Life_in_Northern_India.html?id=NpzZAAAAMAAJ. 
  11. Marriott, McKim; Beals, Alan R. (1955) (en ۾). Village India: Studies in the Little Community. University of Chicago Press. https://books.google.com/books/about/Village_India.html?id=OOLZAAAAMAAJ.