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Jakarta
Special Capital Region
Special Capital Region of Jakarta
Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta
From top, left to right: Jakarta Old Town, Hotel Indonesia Roundabout, Jakarta Skyline, Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Monumen Nasional, Merdeka Palace, Istiqlal Mosque and Jakarta Cathedral
جهنڊو Jakarta
جهنڊو
Coat of arms of Jakarta
نسبتي نشان
عرفيت: The Big Durian,[1][2] J-Town[3]
Motto(s): Jaya Raya (Sanskrit)
(meaning: Victorious and Great)
Jakarta is located in Java
Jakarta
Jakarta
Location in Java and Indonesia
Jakarta is located in
Jakarta
Jakarta
Jakarta ()
متناسقات: 6°12′S 106°49′E / 6.200°S 106.817°E / -6.200; 106.817مڪانيت: 6°12′S 106°49′E / 6.200°S 106.817°E / -6.200; 106.817
CountryFlag of Indonesia.svg انڊونيشيا
Established397 AD[4]:116
As Jayakarta22 June 1527[4]:154
As Batavia4 March 1621[5]
As Jakarta8 August 1942[5]
As Special Administrative Region28 August 1961[6]
حڪومت
 • قسمSpecial administrative area
 • GovernorAnies Baswedan
 • Deputy GovernorVacant
 • LegislativeJakarta Regional People's Representative Council
ايراضي
 • Special Capital Region661.5 ڪلوميٽراسڪوائر (255.4 اسڪوائر ميل)
 • ميٽرو 6,392 ڪلوميٽراسڪوائر (2,468 اسڪوائر ميل)
بلحاظ ايراضي34th
اوچائي8 ميل (26 ft)
آبادي (2014)[7]
 • Special Capital Region10,075,310
 • رينڪ6th
 • گھاٽائي14,464/km2 (37,460/sq mi)
 • ميٽرو30,214,303
 • ميٽرو گھاٽائي4,383/km2 (11,350/sq mi)
ٽائيم زونIndonesia Western Time (UTC+7)
Postal Code1xxx0
Area code(+62) 21
گاڏين جي رجسٽريشنB
HDIIncrease2.svg 0.804 (Very High)
HDI rank1st (2018)
GDP PPP (2016)Increase2.svg$483.4 billion[8]
PolicePolda Metro Jaya
ويبسائيٽjakarta.go.id

Jakarta (/əˈkɑrtə/; سانچو:IPA-id), officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (انڊونيشين: Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Located on the northwest coast of the world's most populous island, Java, it is the centre of economics, culture and politics of Indonesia, with a population of 10,075,310 as of 2014.[7][9] Jakarta metropolitan area has an area of 6,392 square kilometers, which is known as Jabodetabek (an acronym of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi). It is the world's second largest urban agglomeration (after Tokyo) with a population of 30,214,303 as of 2010.[10] Jakarta is predicted to reach 35.6 million people by 2030 to become the world's biggest megacity.[11] Jakarta's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from across the Indonesian archipelago, combining many communities and cultures.[12]

Established in the 4th century as Sunda Kelapa, the city became an important trading port for the Sunda Kingdom. It was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies, when it was known as Batavia. Jakarta is officially a province with special capital region status, but is commonly referred to as a city. The Jakarta provincial government consists of five administrative cities and one administrative regency. Jakarta is nicknamed the Big Durian, the thorny strongly-odored fruit native to the region,[1] as the city is seen as the Indonesian equivalent of New York (Big Apple).[13]

Jakarta is an alpha world city[14] and is the seat of the ASEAN secretariat, making it an important city for international diplomacy.[15] Important financial institutions such as Bank of Indonesia, Indonesia Stock Exchange, and corporate headquarters of numerous Indonesian companies and multinational corporations are located in the city. As of 2017, the city is home for six Forbes Global 2000, two Fortune 500 and four Unicorn companies .[16][17][18] In 2017, the city's GRP PPP was estimated at US$483.4 billion.[19][20] Jakarta has grown more rapidly than Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok and Beijing.[21]

Jakarta's major challenges include rapid urban growth, ecological breakdown, gridlock traffic and congestion, and flooding.[22] In addition, Jakarta is sinking up to 17 cm (6.7 inches) per year, which, coupled with the rising of sea levels, has made the city more prone to flooding, and also one of the fastest-sinking capitals in the world.[23][24][25] Indonesian President Joko Widodo has announced a move of Indonesia’s capital, possibly to Kalimantan, the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo.[26][27]

حوالا[سنواريو]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Suryodiningrat, Meidyatama. "Jakarta: A city we learn to love but never to like". The Jakarta Post. وقت 21 February 2008 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. 
  2. "Travel Indonesia Guide – How to appreciate the 'Big Durian' Jakarta". Worldstepper-daworldisntenough.blogspot.com. حاصل ڪيل 27 April 2010. 
  3. Sungkar, Aulia R. "A Day on the J-Town". Jetstar Magazine. وقت 1 August 2013 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 2 January 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Iguchi, Masatoshi (2017). [[[:سانچو:Google books]] Java Essay: The History and Culture of a Southern Country]. Troubador Publishing Ltd.. ISBN 978-1-78462-885-7. سانچو:Google books. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Matanasi, Petrik (30 December 2016). "Pada Tanggal Inilah Batavia Menjadi Jakarta" (id ۾). tirto.id. https://tirto.id/pada-tanggal-inilah-batavia-menjadi-jakarta-cc6G. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  6. "PEMERINTAHAN DAERAH KHUSUS IBUKOTA JAKARTA RAYA" (ٻولي ۾ Indonesian). حاصل ڪيل 2 January 2019. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Data Jumlah Penduduk DKI Jakarta". Jakarta Open Data. Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta, Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil. حاصل ڪيل 5 December 2015. 
  8. "Statistik Indonesia 2016" (ٻولي ۾ Indonesian). Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. وقت 13 November 2016 تي اصل (PDF) کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 30 June 2017. 
  9. "Jumlah Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta". Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil. وقت 27 December 2013 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. حاصل ڪيل 27 February 2014. 
  10. Indonesia: Java. "Regencies, Cities and Districts – Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de. 
  11. "These are the megacities of the future". حاصل ڪيل 11 October 2018. 
  12. Markus Taylor, Tales from the Big Durian, 2009
  13. "Sojourn in the Big Durian". ThingsAsian. حاصل ڪيل 14 March 2011. 
  14. "The World According to GaWC 2016". GaWC. حاصل ڪيل 1 November 2018. 
  15. "ASEAN, an important regional and global partner". VOV Online Newspaper. 5 August 2017. https://english.vov.vn/politics/asean-an-important-regional-and-global-partner-355925.vov. 
  16. "Six Indonesian Companies Make Forbes Global 2000 List". 
  17. "Fortune 500". 
  18. "Indonesia expects to have more than 5 unicorns by 2019: minister". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-startups/indonesia-expects-to-have-more-than-5-unicorns-by-2019-minister-idUSKCN1G310J. Retrieved 22 June 2018. 
  19. "Statistik Indonesia 2016" (ٻولي ۾ Indonesian). Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. وقت 13 November 2016 تي اصل (PDF) کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. 
  20. "Global Metro Monitor" (en-US ۾). Brookings Institution. 22 January 2015. https://www.brookings.edu/research/global-metro-monitor/. 
  21. "Foke lebih yakin lembaga survei asing". Waspada Online (ٻولي ۾ Indonesian). وقت 31 August 2013 تي اصل کان آرڪائيو ٿيل. 
  22. "Jakarta – Urban Challenges Overview – Human Cities Coalition". www.humancities.co. حاصل ڪيل 2017-12-03. 
  23. "As seas rise, Indonesia is moving its capital city. Other cities should take note.". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2019/05/03/seas-rise-indonesia-is-moving-its-capital-city-other-cities-should-take-note/?noredirect=on. Retrieved 10 May 2019. 
  24. "Goodbye, Jakarta? Indonesia's president suggests new capital". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/apr/30/goodbye-jakarta-indonesia-president-suggests-new-capital. Retrieved 10 May 2019. 
  25. Ruggeri, Amanda. "The ambitious plan to stop the ground from sinking". BBC. حاصل ڪيل 2017-12-03. 
  26. "Jokowi scouts sites as Indonesia capital move gathers pace". The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/05/07/jokowi-scouts-sites-as-indonesia-capital-move-gathers-pace.html. Retrieved 10 May 2019. 
  27. "Moving the capital". The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2019/05/04/moving-the-capital.html. Retrieved 10 May 2019.