سانچو:Sfn

کليل ڄاڻ انسائيڪلوپيڊيا، وڪيپيڊيا مان
ڏانھن ٽپ ڏيو: رھنمائي, ڳولا
Documentation icon دستاويز سانچو[نمائش] [سنواريو] [تاريخچو] [تطهير]

The shortened footnote template {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} creates a short author-date citation in a footnote. For use with Shortened footnotes.

This template allows you to link inline citation using Harvard citations (a form of short citations using parenthetical references) to their corresponding full bibliographic citations.

How to use[سنواريو]

In the body of the article:

{{sfn | last name(s) of author(s) | year | p=page number or pp=page range or loc=other location }}

If more than four authors, truncate the list to the first four.
In a section for citations, usually under the heading Notes:

{{reflist}}

In the references section (or in an earlier footnote):

{{cite book or cite journal, etc | ref=harv | ... other appropriate parameters ... }}

or

{{citation | ... other appropriate parameters ... }} (|ref=harv is not required when using {{[[سانچو:Citation|Citation]]}})

Parameters[سنواريو]

Up to four authors can be given as parameters. (If there are more than 4 authors only the first 4 should be listed. See #Large numbers of authors, below.) The last required parameter is the year of publication.

(All these examples have links which operate. Click on highlighted text.)

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2005|p=25}} 
Article text.[1]

Article text.{{sfn|Smith|Jones|2005| p=25}} 
Article text.[1]

Article text.{{sfn|Smith|Jones|Brown|2005| p=25}} 
Article text.[1]

Article text.{{sfn|Smith|Jones|Brown|Black|2005| p=25}} 
Article text.[1]

The optional parameters |p=, |pp= and |loc= can be used to indicate the location in the source. All of the Harvard citation templates use the same parameters to indicate page numbers or other locations in the text.

Markup Renders as
{{sfn|Smith|2005|p=25}} 
Article text.[1]

{{sfn|Smith|2005|loc=chpt. 3}} 
Article text.[1]
  1. Smith 2005, chpt. 3.

{{sfn|Smith|2005|loc=section 7}} 
Article text.[1]
  1. Smith 2005, section 7.

The optional parameter |postscript= or |ps= can be used to change the text which appears at the end of the note in the reference list. (See #Additional comments or quotes, below.) The default is a period (full stop); to remove this use {{sfn|Smith|2005|p=25|ps=none}}. (See #No closing period, below.) The postscript is only effective the first time {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} is used for a particular author, year and location.

The optional parameter |ref= is used to specify the reference value that links the short citation to the full citation. This parameter is usually not necessary and it is more common to use {{sfnRef}} or {{harvid}} in the reference section. If you specify |ref=none no hyperlink is created. Note that, if one does not want the link, it is always possible to simply not use the template. (Not available in {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} and similar templates.)

Aliases[سنواريو]

The parameters |page= |pages= and |Ref= exist as aliases for |p= |pp= and |ref= respectively.

Reference section[سنواريو]

The links in the Harvard citation templates can find anchors in Citation Style 1, سانچو:Cs2 and similar templates. To make the anchor, parameter |ref=harv must be set. This is not necessary for {{[[سانچو:citation|citation]]}}, but is normally necessary for the others.

Markup Renders as
==References==
* {{citation
 | title = Smith's paper
 |... }}
* {{cite web
 | title = Smith & Jones website
 | ...
 | ref = harv }}
* {{cite news
 | title = Article by Smith, Jones and Brown
 | ...
 | ref = harv }}
* {{cite journal
 | title= Smith, Jones, Brown and Black's Paper
 | ...
 | ref = harv }}
 
References
  • Smith, John (2005), Smith's paper 
  • Smith, John; Jones, Sam (2005). "Smith & Jones website". http://en.wikipedia.org. 
  • Smith, John; Jones, Sam; Brown, Tom (2005). "Article by Smith, Jones and Brown". Big Urban Newspaper. 
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black (2005). "Smith, Jones, Brown and Black's Paper". Important Journal. 

Author-date citation templates[سنواريو]

There are several templates used to create in-text citations; they differ in the use and placement of parenthesis, in the separator before the page or location and in whether a terminal full stop (period) is present:

In-text templates
Templates Aliases Example
{{[[سانچو:Harvard citation no brackets|Harvard citation no brackets]]}} || {{[[سانچو:harvnb|harvnb]]}} || Smith 2006, p. 25
{{[[سانچو:Harvard citation|Harvard citation]]}} || {{[[سانچو:harv|harv]]}} || (Smith 2006, p. 25)
{{[[سانچو:Harvard citation text|Harvard citation text]]}} || {{[[سانچو:harvtxt|harvtxt]]}} || سانچو:Harvtxt
{{[[سانچو:Harvcoltxt|Harvcoltxt]]}} || || سانچو:Harvcoltxt
{{[[سانچو:Harvcol|Harvcol]]}} || || سانچو:Harvcol
{{[[سانچو:Harvcolnb|Harvcolnb]]}} || || سانچو:Harvcolnb
{{[[سانچو:Harvard citations|Harvard citations]]}} || ({{[[سانچو:harvs|harvs]]}}) || سانچو:Harvs (and many other forms).
{{[[سانچو:Harvp|Harvp]]}} || || سانچو:Harvp
{{[[سانچو:Shortened footnote template|Shortened footnote template]]}}|| {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} || Article text.[1]
{{[[سانچو:Sfnp|Sfnp]]}} || || Article text.[1]
  1. Smith (2006), p. 25.
{{[[سانچو:Sfnm|Sfnm]]}} || || Article text.[1]

Full citations can be created manually or by templates:


All of these templates have the same parameters and basic functionality. This page describes all of them except the parameters of {{sfnm}} and {{harvs}}; please see their documentation pages. Editors editing one of these templates are requested to make parallel changes to the other versions.

Applications[سنواريو]

===Harvard citation: {{[[سانچو:harv|harv]]}}===

See also: سانچو:See section

Template {{[[سانچو:harv|harv]]}} creates a parenthetical reference with a link to the full citation in the references section at the bottom of the article.

Markup Renders as
Article text {{harv|Smith|2006|p=25}}.

==References==
* {{cite book
 | ref = harv
 | last = Smith | first = John
 | title = Smith's book
 | year = 2006
}} 
Article text (Smith 2006, p. 25).
References
  • Smith, John (2006). Smith's book. 

===Shortened footnote: {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} or {{[[سانچو:harvnb|harvnb]]}}===

See also: سانچو:See section

Template {{[[سانچو:harvnb|harvnb]]}} inside a <ref> span can be used to create a Shortened footnotes that is linked to the full citation at the bottom of the article. Template {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} (without the use of <ref>) has the same effect and it also combines identical footnotes automatically.

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2007|p=25}}
More article text.{{sfn|Smith|2007|p=25}}
Still more article text.{{sfn|Smith|2007|p=26}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite book
 | ref = harv
 | last = Smith | first = John
 | year = 2007
 | title = Smith's Book
}}
 
Article text.[1]

More article text.[1] Still more article text.[2] سانچو:Fake notes and references

  • Smith, John (2007). Smith's Book. 
Article text.<ref name=Smith2008p25>{{harvnb|Smith|2008|p=25}}.</ref>
More article text.<ref name=Smith2008p25/>
Still more article text.<ref>{{harvnb|Smith|2008|p=26}}.</ref>

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite book
 | ref = harv
 | last = Smith | first = John
 | year = 2008
 | title = Smith's Book
}}
 
Article text.[3]

More article text.[3] Still more article text.[4]

سانچو:Fake notes and references

  • Smith, John (2008). Smith's Book. 

===In text attribution: {{[[سانچو:harvtxt|harvtxt]]}}===

See also سانچو:See section

Template {{[[سانچو:harvtxt|harvtxt]]}} can be used to link an in-text attribution to the full citation at the bottom of the page.

Markup Renders as
According to {{harvtxt|Smith|2009|p=25}} ...

==References==
* {{citation
 | last = Smith | first = John
 | year = 2009
 | title = Smith's Book
}}
 
According to سانچو:Harvtxt ...
References
  • Smith, John (2009), Smith's Book 

===Bundled citation: {{[[سانچو:harvnb|harvnb]]}} or {{[[سانچو:sfnm|sfnm]]}}===

See also: سانچو:See section

Template {{[[سانچو:harvnb|harvnb]]}} can be used to bundle citations. {{sfnm}} also produces bundled citations.

Markup Renders as
Article text ({{harvnb|Smith|2010|p=25}}; {{harvnb|Jones|2010}}).
 
Article text (Smith 2010, p. 25; Jones 2010).
Article text.<ref>{{harvnb|Smith|2010|p=25}}; {{harvnb|Jones|2010}}</ref>
 
Article text.[5]
Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 Smith 200725.
  2. Smith 200726.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Smith 2008, p. 25.
  4. Smith 2008, p. 26.
  5. Smith 2010, p. 25; Jones 2010

Article text.{{sfnm|la1=Smith|y1=2010|p1=25|la2=Jones|y2=2010}}
 
Article text.[1]
Notes
  1. Smith 2010, p. 25; Jones 2010

==References==
* {{cite book | last = Smith ... Smith's book }}
* {{cite book | last = Jones ... Jones' book }}
 
References
  • Smith, John (2010). Smith's book. 
  • Jones, Mary (2010). Jones' book. 

Note that {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} is inappropriate for bundled citations; use {{[[سانچو:harvnb|harvnb]]}} or {{[[سانچو:sfnm|sfnm]]}}.

===More exotic Harvard citations {{[[سانچو:harvid|harvid]]}} or {{[[سانچو:harvs|harvs]]}}===

اصل مضمون/مضمونن جي لاءِ ڏسو Template:Harvard citations ۽ Template:harvid

More exotic Harvard citations can be constructed using the {{[[سانچو:harvs|harvs]]}} template, such as multiple papers by the same author, using both the first and last names, links to articles about the author, and others. Any kind of unusual link can also be constructed using the idiom [[#{{harvid|parameters}}|link name]].

Markup Renders as
The theory was developed by {{harvs|txt|first=F. J.|last=Murray|author1-link=F. J. Murray|first2=J.|last2=von Neumann|author2-link=John von Neumann|year=1936|year2=1937|year3=1943}}.
 
The theory was developed by سانچو:Harvs.
The theory was developed by [[F. J. Murray]] and [[John von Neumann|J. von Neumann]] ([[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1936}}|1936]],[[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1937}}|1937]],[[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1943}}|1943]]).
 
The theory was developed by F. J. Murray and J. von Neumann ([[#سانچو:Harvid|1936]], [[#سانچو:Harvid|1937]], [[#سانچو:Harvid|1943]]).
== References ==
* {{citation | last1=Murray | year = 1936 | ...}}
* {{citation | last1=Murray | year = 1937 | ...}}
* {{citation | last1=Murray | year = 1943 | ...}}
 
سانچو:Fake header
  • Murray, F. J.; von Neumann, John (1936), Mathematics Paper 
  • Murray, F. J.; von Neumann, John (1937), Another Mathematics Paper 
  • Murray, F. J.; von Neumann, John (1943), Yet Another Mathematics Paper 

Some articles use this idiom [[#CITEREFid | link name ]]. See notes on implementation details below.

Variations[سنواريو]

=== Using colon format: {{[[سانچو:harvcol|harvcol]]}}, {{[[سانچو:harvcolnb|harvcolnb]]}}, {{[[سانچو:harvcoltxt|harvcoltxt]]}} === Templates {{[[سانچو:harvcol|harvcol]]}}, {{[[سانچو:harvcolnb|harvcolnb]]}}, {{[[سانچو:harvcoltxt|harvcoltxt]]}} use a colon to indicate the page number(s) or location.

Markup Renders as
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|p=25}} 
سانچو:Harvcol
{{harvcolnb|Smith|2011|p=25}} 
سانچو:Harvcolnb
{{harvcoltxt|Smith|2011|p=25}} 
سانچو:Harvcoltxt
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|p=25–26}} 
سانچو:Harvcol
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|loc=chpt. 3}} 
سانچو:Harvcol

=== Parenthesis around the year: {{[[سانچو:sfnp|sfnp]]}} and {{[[سانچو:harvp|harvp]]}} ===

Template {{sfnp}} puts parenthesis around the year. Compare the two examples.

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfnp|Smith|2011}}
== Notes ==
{{reflist}}
 
Article text.[1]
Notes

Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011}}
== Notes ==
{{reflist}}
 
Article text.[1]
Notes

Similarly, in order to mimic Citation Style 1 citations, template {{harvp}} puts parenthesis around the year.

Markup Renders as
{{harvp|Smith|2011|p=25}} 
سانچو:Harvp

Additional comments or quotes: |ps=[سنواريو]

Paramater |ps= can be used to add quotes or additional comments. Note that this effect can also be achieved using {{harvnb}}, if done as shown in the last example. The postscript is only effective the first time {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} is used for a particular author, year and location.

Markup Renders as
Some information.{{sfn|Smith|2011|p=2|ps=: "A quote verifying the information."}}
== Notes ==
{{reflist}}
 
Some information.[1]
Notes
  1. Smith 20112: "A quote verifying the information."

"A quote in a secondary source."{{sfn|Smith|2011|p=2|ps=, quoted in {{harvtxt|Jones|2010|p=343}}}}
== Notes ==
{{reflist}}
 
"A quote in a secondary source."[1]
Notes

Some information.<ref>{{harvnb|Smith|2011|p=2}}: "A quote verifying the information."</ref>
== Notes ==
{{reflist}}
 
Some information.[1]
Notes
  1. Smith 2011, p. 2: "A quote verifying the information."

No closing period: |ps=none[سنواريو]

Using |ps=none in {{sfn}} removes the final period. Compare the two examples. Suppressing the default period (full stop) ensures consistency with Citation style 2, as produced by {{[[سانچو:Citation|Citation]]}}, which does not use a trailing period (full stop) in notes. The postscript is only effective the first time {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} is used for a particular author, year and location. |ps= will also suppress terminal punctuation. Follow-on editors who encounter 'empty' parameters can't know if a previous editor intended to leave that parameter blank. Using the keyword none is a positive indication of the previous editor's intent.

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011|ps=none}}
== Notes ==
{{reflist}}
 
Article text.[1]
Notes

Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011}}
== Notes ==
{{reflist}}
 
Article text.[1]
Notes

Adding a URL for the page or location[سنواريو]

If a specific link to the page or section is available, a URL can be added to the location or page number.

Markup Renders as
{{harv|Smith|2011|loc=[http://en.wikipedia.org chpt 3]}} 
(Smith 2011, chpt 3)
{{harv|Smith|2011|loc=[http://en.wikipedia.org &sect;7]}} 
(Smith 2011, §7)
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011|p=[http://en.wikipedia.org 3]}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite book | last = Smith | year = 2011 | title = Smith's
other book }} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references

Possible issues[سنواريو]

Wikilink to citation does not work[سنواريو]

If an article is using this template, and nothing happens when you click on the highlighted wikilink from a Harvard style citation to a full citation at the bottom of the page, there are several possible solutions. If:

  1. The correct citation does not appear at the bottom of the article. Solution: Find the source (it may be copied from an article on a similar subject), and check that it verifies the text. If the source can't be found, tag the citation with {{[[سانچو:citation not found|citation not found]]}}.
  2. The correct citation appears at the bottom of the article, and
    1. The Harvard citation uses a template (such as {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} or {{[[سانچو:harv|harv]]}}):
      1. The citation uses a template from the list at Citation Style 1:
        1. The name is spelled differently here than the citation. Solution: check the source for the correct spelling.
        2. The year is different here than the citation. Solution: check the source for the correct year.
        3. The citation template requires |ref=harv (not needed for {{[[سانچو:citation|citation]]}}, but is needed for most other Citation Style 1 templates). Solution: Add |ref=harv.
        4. The template has a |date= field and no |year= field, but the format of the |date= field is unusual. Solution: Try to fix the date. If the link still does not work, add |year= to the citation template. (It's okay if it has both.)
        5. The citation does not have an author's last name. Solution: check that |ref={{[[سانچو:harvid|harvid]]}} is set correctly (see below).
      2. The citation uses a Citation Style Vancouver template. Solution: check that |harvid= is set correctly (see below).
      3. The citation uses a template that does not support |ref= (See Wikipedia:Citation templates and reference anchors). Solution: An anchor can be created using {{wikicite|id={{harvid|args}}|reference={{citation}}}}.
      4. The citation does not use a template:
        1. It has no wikicode to create an anchor. Solution: If سانچو:Cite * citation templates are used liberally throughout the article, then reformat the citation with the appropriate سانچو:Cite * template and set the |ref= appropriately. Otherwise consult with local editors on the talk page about how to proceed. Either add سانچو:Cite * templates and {{[[سانچو:harv|harv]]}} templates, or remove all templates, depending on what local editors prefer. A few articles use {{[[سانچو:wikicite|wikicite]]}} to create an anchor as an alternative to standard templates.
        2. Uses a &lt;cite&gt; span to create an anchor. Solution: remove the cite span (these are deprecated) and proceed as with the previous.
        3. Uses {{[[سانچو:wikicite|wikicite]]}}. Solution: Check that |id={{[[سانچو:harvid|harvid]]}} matches.
    2. If the Harvard citation uses a handwritten wikilink, such as [[#Reference-Smith2006|Smith (2006)]]
      1. The citation uses a citation template which supports |ref= (See Wikipedia:Citation templates and reference anchors). Solution: Check that |ref= is set to a matching id.
      2. Otherwise, check that the reference has {{wikicite|ref=id|reference=citation}} with a matching id.

Templates that have broken wikilinks using these templates are added to the category زمرو:All articles with broken links to citations.

More than one work in a year[سنواريو]

Where there is a need to cite more than one work by the same author published in the same year, the standard way to disambiguate such works is to add a letter suffix after the year element of the {{sfn}} template (e.g. {{sfn|Smith|2006a}} and {{sfn|Smith|2006b}}).

CS1 templates that use Module:Citation/CS1[سنواريو]

When{{sfn}} is used with Citation Style 1 templates that use the Module:Citation/CS1 engine,[lower-alpha 1] a year-suffix letter may be added to |date= for all accepted date formats except year initial numeric (ISO 8601). It is not necessary to include both |year= and |date=. If both are included, |year= is used for the CITEREF anchor to be compliant with legacy citations.

|date=2013a}} – simple year only dates
|date=Jan 2013b or |date=Winter 2013b – month or season and year dates
|date=9 November 2013b or |date=November 9, 2013b – full dates
|date=June–July 2013c or |date=Winter–Spring 2013c – month or season ranges and year dates
|date=c. 2013d – circa year dates
|date=2017–2018f or |date=Summer 2017–18f – year ranges
|date=n.d.e – no date (n.d.)
|date=2013x-11-09 – not supported
Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn |Smith|1993a| p=25}}
More text.{{sfn |Smith|1993b| p=32}}

==Notes==
{{reflist |close=1}}

==References==
* {{cite journal
|last=Smith
|first=Karen
|date=January 1993a
|title=Smith's first paper
|journal=Important Journal
|ref=harv
}}
* {{cite journal
|last=Smith
|first=Karen
|date=Spring–Summer 1993b
|title=Smith's second paper
|journal=Another Important Journal
|ref =harv
}} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references

CS1 templates that use citation/core[سنواريو]

For those templates that use {{citation/core}},[lower-alpha 2] limitations in the template handling software require a work-around. For authors who have published more than one work in the same year, use سانچو:Em |date= and |year= in the citation template. The |date= parameter value will be displayed in the rendered citation and the |year= value will be used to create the CITEREF anchor. Add a lowercase letter suffix to the |year= value (e.g. |year=2006a and |year=2006b). Use {{sfn|Jones|2006a}} and {{sfn|Jones|2006b}} in the article body. Letter suffixes added to the |date= value is ignored.

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn |Jones|1993a| p=25}}
More text.{{sfn |Jones|1993b| p=32}}

==Notes==
{{reflist|close=1}}

==References==
* {{cite speech
|last=Jones
|first=Robert
|date=April 1993
|year=1993a
|title=Jones's first speech
|event=Important Conference
|ref=harv
}}
* {{cite speech
|last=Jones
|first=Robert
|date=June 1993
|year=1993b
|title=Jones's second speech
|event=Another Important Conference
|ref =harv
}} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references

Large numbers of authors[سنواريو]

Only the first four authors are required by the template. Listing more is not supported. It also possible to use the |ref={{[[سانچو:harvid|harvid]]}} in the citation template, which allows a more concise citation in the article text.

Markup Renders as
Article text
{{harv |Smith|Jones|Brown|Black|1994| p=25}}.

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith
| last2 = Jones
| last3 = Brown
| last4 = Black
| last5 = Davis
| last6 = Martinez
| last7 = Hsu
| year= 1994
| title= Scientific paper written by
dozens of scientists
| journal = Important Journal
| ref = harv
}} 
Article text (Smith et al. 1994, p. 25).
References
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black; Davis; Martinez; Hsu (1994). "Scientific paper written by dozens of scientists". Important Journal. 
Article text {{harv |Smith et al.|1995| p=25}}.

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith
| last2 = Jones
| last3 = Brown
| last4 = Black
| last5 = Davis
| last6 = Martinez
| last7 = Hsu
| year= 1995
| title= Another paper by even more scientists
| journal = Important Journal
| ref = {{harvid|Smith et al.|1995}}
}} 
Article text (Smith et al. 1995, p. 25).
References
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black; Davis; Martinez; Hsu (1995). "Another paper by even more scientists". Important Journal. 

No author name in citation template[سنواريو]

Some sources do not have a single author with a last name, such as a magazine article or a report from a government institution. There is no consensus (in Wikipedia or among citation styles) about how to format author-date citations to works that do not have a specific author. Several choices are:

  1. For a newspaper or periodical you may use the name of the paper and the date.
  2. For a publication by an institution, use either:
    1. The initials of the institution
    2. The name of the institution
  3. Alternatively, some style guides recommend using the title of the article.
  4. Other style guides recommend using "Anonymous" or "Anon."

An article should adopt one of these styles consistently. Using |ref={{[[سانچو:harvid|harvid]]}} in the citation template can handle these cases.

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn |BGI|1996|p=429}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite book
| title = Important Book
| year = 1996
| publisher = Big Government Institution
| ref = {{harvid|BGI|1996}}
}} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references
Article text.{{sfn |''Popular Magazine''|1996|p=29}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite magazine
| magazine = Popular Magazine
| title = An Article by an Anonymous Author
| year = 1996
| ref = {{harvid|Popular Magazine|1996}}
}} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references

Citation has |date= and no |year=[سنواريو]

Either the |year= or |date= of a citation template can be matched – the template logic can extract the year from a full date. If the date parameter is not a full date, then the extraction will fail. If the link does not seem to work, it also possible to set both |date= and |year= parameters. The template will display the date and use the year for the anchor. If only the year is known the |year= field must be used in the citation for the link to work correctly (i.e. |date=2005 may not work correctly). These two examples show a year being successfully extracted from full date.

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1997|p=101}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| date = 11 May 1997
| title = Smith's 1997 paper
| journal= Important Journal
| ref = harv
}} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1998|p=101}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| date = May 1998
| title = Smith's 1998 paper
| journal= Important Journal
| ref = harv
}} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references

Citation template does not support |ref=harv[سنواريو]

The سانچو:Vcite family of templates use parameter |ref=harvid to create an anchor for the Harvard citation templates. This must be set to a concatenation of the parameters passed to the Harvard citation template.

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1999|p=101}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{vcite book
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| year = 1999
| title = Smith's 1999 Book
| harvid = Smith1999
}} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2000|p=101}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite thesis
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| date = May 2000
| title = Smith's Thesis
| ref = {{harvid|Smith|2000}}
}} 
سانچو:Fake notes and references

===Citation format does not support anchors: {{[[سانچو:wikicite|wikicite]]}}=== In a few very rare cases, it may be impossible for the citation templates to create an anchor. Either (1) the citation is formatted with a template that does not support the |ref= parameter or (2) the source can't be described using our citation templates at all. In these cases, it is possible to use {{[[سانچو:wikicite|wikicite]]}} to make the anchor. (As of November 2010, there are only approximately 100 articles that require this technique.) It is also possible that (3) local editors would prefer not to use citation templates. In this case, it is important to discuss what the local editors would like to do about the bad links. It is always possible to simply remove {{[[سانچو:harv|harv]]}} or {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}}.

Markup Renders as
Article text.{{sfn |Big Government Agency|1999}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{wikicite
 | reference = {{cite report
 | title=Important Government Report
 | publisher=Big Government Agency
 | year=1999
 }}
 | ref = {{harvid|Big Government Agency|1999}}
}}
 
سانچو:Fake notes and references
Article text.{{sfn |A particularly unusual citation}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{wikicite
| reference = A source that can't be described
using our citation templates at all.
| ref = {{harvid|A particularly unusual citation}}
}}
 
سانچو:Fake notes and references

It is also possible to use <cite> to achieve the same effect, but this may not be compatible with HTML 5.

Citation has multiple authors and no date[سنواريو]

The templates assume that the last field is the year. Where there are multiple authors and no year the template will form a correct link but will display the last author as if it were a year. To force the displayed text to show all authors as name, the following work around may be used:

Markup Renders as
Article text.<ref>[[#{{harvid|Lane|Singh}}|Lane & Singh]]</ref>

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{citation
  | last = Lane
  | first = Kieran
  | last2 = Singh
  | first2 = Karun
  | title = Richard Watts
  | work = Richard Watts Charities
  | url = http://www.richardwatts.org.uk/richardwatts1.html
  | accessdate = 21 June 2012
  }}
 
سانچو:Fake notes and references

Recommended style[سنواريو]

The recommended Harvard referencing style potentially uses all four templates. Each automatically generates a hypertext link based on the name(s) and date. Here is an example

Markup Renders as
Some works on gravitation are so massive they warp spacetime themselves {{Harv|Misner|Thorne|Wheeler|1973}}; yet {{Harvtxt|Einstein|1915}} presented essential equations with notable brevity. The essential ingredients are the curvature tensor and the stress-energy tensor ({{Harvnb|Einstein|1915|p=844}}; {{Harvnb|Misner|Thorne|Wheeler|1973|p=41}}).

==References==
*{{Citation
 | last=Misner
 | first=Charles W.
 | last2=Thorne
 | first2=Kip S.
 | first3=John Archibald
 | last3=Wheeler
 | title=Gravitation
 | publisher=W. H. Freeman
 | location = San Francisco
 | date = September 1973
 | isbn = 0-7167-0344-0 }}
*{{Citation
 | last =Einstein
 | first =Albert
 | title =Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation (The Field Equations of Gravitation)
 | journal =Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften
 | pages =844–847
 | year =1915
}} 
Some works on gravitation are so massive they warp spacetime themselves (Misner, Thorne & Wheeler 1973); yet سانچو:Harvtxt presented essential equations with notable brevity. The two ingredients are the curvature tensor and the stress-energy tensor (Einstein 1915, p. 844; Misner, Thorne & Wheeler 1973, p. 41).
References
  • Misner, Charles W.; Thorne, Kip S.; Wheeler, John Archibald (September 1973), Gravitation, San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, ISBN 0-7167-0344-0 
  • Einstein, Albert (1915), "Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation (The Field Equations of Gravitation)", Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften: 844–847 

In short:

  1. For a single work with no author in the text (the most common case), use {{[[سانچو:Harv|Harv]]}}.
  2. For a single work with the author named in the text, use {{[[سانچو:Harvtxt|Harvtxt]]}}.
  3. For multiple works at the same point, use explicit parentheses and {{[[سانچو:Harvnb|Harvnb]]}} separated by semicolons.
  4. For anything more complicated use {{[[سانچو:Harvs|Harvs]]}}.

Implementation notes[سنواريو]

These templates use two elements: a wikilink in the body of the article, and an anchor in the reference section of the article. Clicking on the wikilink repositions the page at the anchor.

Citation template anchor[سنواريو]

The most common citation templates are Citation Style 1 or سانچو:Cs2. If |ref=harv is set, then Module:Citation/CS1 and {{[[سانچو:Citation/core|Citation/core]]}} create an anchor <a name="CITEREF"> followed by the concatenation of the following parameters:

  • last or last1 or surname or surname1 or author or author1 or authors,
  • last2 or surname2 or author2,
  • last3 or surname3 or author3,
  • last4 or surname4 or author4,
  • editor-last or editor-surname or editor1-last or editor1-surname or editor or editors,
  • editor2-last or editor2-surname,
  • editor3-last or editor3-surname,
  • editor4-last or editor4-surname,
  • year.

Template {{[[سانچو:Citation|Citation]]}} sets |ref=harv as the default.

This covers the most common templates. Information about all the templates is available at Wikipedia:Citation templates and reference anchors.

Please note that the above list does not include the coauthor parameter, which is ignored in generating the citation's CITEREF anchor. It is recommended that, when used with the harv family templates, citation templates always use the numbered last parameters instead of coauthor so that a more accurate CITEREF anchor may be generated. If coauthor is used, it will not be possible to generate a Harvard citation that displays the authors' names correctly and that generates a link to the correct CITEREF anchor.

Use of the date parameter in place of the year parameter in citation templates is preferred when full dates are known. For {{citation/core}}-based[lower-alpha 2] CS1 templates only: the date parameter should not be used to simply encode a year, as this can fail to generate a viable #CITEREF link.

Harvard citation wikilink[سنواريو]

The Harvard citation templates create a wikilink to the anchor. For example {{Harv|Smith|2006|p=25}} produces the link #CITEREFSmith2006 and {{Citation|last=Smith|first=John|date=27 January 2006|title=My Life}} produces the anchor CITEREFSmith2006.

Using CITEREF directly[سنواريو]

A few articles create a custom ID using CITEREF, either in place of the Harvard citation template (e.g. [[#CITEREFSmith2006|(2006)]]) or as a value for |ref= in the citation template. سانچو:Refname rules

Examples:

Where cite_name is a name such as the publisher.

==={{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}}'s ref name=== Template {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}} creates a named footnote, so that identical footnotes are combined automatically. The footnote name begins with FOOTNOTE followed by a concatenation of the arguments to {{[[سانچو:sfn|sfn]]}}. E.g.: this template call {{sfn|Smith|2006|p=26}} should have exactly the same functionality as <ref name="FOOTNOTESmith200626">{{[[سانچو:Harvnb|Harvnb]]}}</ref> which, in turn, has the same functionality as <ref name="FOOTNOTESmith200626">[[#CITEREFSmith2006|Smith (2006)]], p. 26</ref>

The call to {{[[سانچو:harvnb|harvnb]]}} has been subst'ed for quicker load times.

Notes[سنواريو]



حوالي جي چڪ: <ref> tags exist for a group named "lower-alpha", but no corresponding <references group="lower-alpha"/> tag was found, or a closing </ref> is missing